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MSMEs非正式工作小組通過工作計畫套案以協助小型企業因應國際貿易之挑戰

微中小企業(MSMEs)非正式工作小組12月11日召開會議,正式通過包含6項建議及宣言之工作計畫套案,旨在協助小型企業因應國際貿易中的各項挑戰。該套案將於12月14日代表團團長會議上介紹予所有WTO會員。

該工作計畫套案包括一系列自願和非約束性建議,如針對MSMEs之透明化和資訊共享、貿易便捷化等,詳細內容如下:

  1. MSME-related information in WTO Trade Policy Reviews — The recommendation calls on WTO members to provide, on a voluntary basis, information on policies related to MSMEs during their WTO Trade Policy Reviews to enhance transparency and to be a source of good practices (e.g., number of MSMEs in the economy and their share in international trade or programmes that support MSMEs to trade).
  2. Access to information — Members are encouraged to support the Global Trade Helpdesk, a tool led by the International Trade Centre, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the WTO to help MSMEs access market intelligence, including on tariffs and regulations.
  3. Trade facilitation for MSMEs — Burdensome customs procedures are especially hard on MSMEs. The Group is calling on WTO members to fully implement the WTO's Trade Facilitation Agreement, exchange experiences to identify and promote good practices that can help MSMEs, and consider adopting digital customs procedures to ease these difficulties.
  4. Promoting MSME inclusion in regulatory development — New trade regulations can have unintended consequences for businesses, especially for MSMEs. Members are encouraged to analyse potential impacts for smaller businesses and consult with MSMEs before implementing new trade regulations.
  5. Supporting implementation of the 2019 Decision on the WTO Integrated Database — The Integrated Database (IDB) is the WTO's official source of tariff and trade-related information. By keeping the IDB up to date, WTO members can help MSMEs access reliable and comprehensive information on tariffs and other market access data. This recommendation supports the voluntary submission of additional information and automatic electronic transmission of members' tariff or import data to the IDB as per the May 2019 IDB Decision.
  6. Access to finance and cross-border payments — Access to finance and cross-border payments are major challenges for the engagement of MSMEs in trade. The Group calls on members to share best practices with a view to identifying concrete measures.  (請詳WTO網站msmes jpg